top of page
  • Writer's pictureHarpreet Malhi

Incorporating Your Business vs. Sole Proprietorship: Your Questions Answered

Updated: May 22

In the journey of entrepreneurship, one crucial decision that often arises is whether to incorporate your business or continue operating as a sole proprietor. Each structure comes with its own set of advantages and considerations, particularly concerning taxation. To help you navigate this decision, we've compiled a list of frequently asked questions, drawing upon the expertise of a seasoned tax accountant.

Understanding the Differences

1. What are the main differences between a corporation and a sole proprietorship in Canada?

In Canada, a sole proprietorship is a business owned and operated by one individual, with no legal distinction between the business and its owner. Conversely, a corporation is a separate legal entity from its shareholders, providing limited liability protection and potentially offering tax advantages.

2. How does taxation differ between a sole proprietorship and a corporation?

Taxation is a key factor influencing the decision to incorporate or remain a sole proprietor. In a sole proprietorship, business income is taxed at the individual's personal tax rate. However, in a corporation, income can be subject to lower corporate tax rates, offering potential tax savings. Additionally, corporations have the flexibility to retain earnings within the company, deferring personal taxation until dividends are distributed to shareholders.

The Best Tax Strategy for You

3. What are the advantages of incorporating from a tax perspective?

Incorporating can offer several tax advantages, including lower corporate tax rates, the ability to split income among family members through dividends, and enhanced opportunities for tax planning and deferral. Moreover, certain tax incentives and deductions may be available exclusively to incorporated businesses, providing further opportunities for tax optimization.

4. When does it make sense to remain a sole proprietor instead of incorporating?

While incorporating may offer tax advantages, it's not always the most suitable option for every business. Sole proprietors benefit from simplicity and ease of administration, avoiding the complexities associated with corporate governance and compliance. Additionally, if your business operates on a small scale or has limited profit potential, the costs and administrative burdens of incorporation may outweigh the tax benefits.

How a Tax Accountant Can Help

5. How can a tax accountant assist in the decision-making process?

A qualified tax accountant plays a crucial role in evaluating the tax implications of incorporating versus maintaining a sole proprietorship. By conducting a comprehensive analysis of your business's financial situation, future growth prospects, and long-term objectives, a tax accountant can provide personalized recommendations tailored to your specific circumstances. Moreover, they can assist in tax planning strategies, ensuring compliance with regulatory requirements and maximizing tax efficiency.

6. What factors should be considered when determining the optimal business structure?

When weighing the pros and cons of incorporation versus sole proprietorship, several factors should be taken into account, including:

- Business size and growth potential

- Liability protection

- Tax implications and savings

- Administrative requirements and costs

- Long-term objectives and exit strategy

By carefully evaluating these factors in consultation with a tax accountant, you can make an informed decision that aligns with your business goals and financial objectives.

7. Can I switch from a sole proprietorship to a corporation later on?

Yes, it is possible to transition from a sole proprietorship to a corporation at a later stage of your business journey. This process involves incorporating your business, transferring assets and liabilities, and fulfilling any legal and regulatory requirements. While the transition may incur certain costs and administrative burdens, the potential tax benefits and liability protection afforded by incorporation may outweigh these considerations in the long run.


In summary, the decision to incorporate your business or remain a sole proprietor involves careful consideration of various factors, with taxation playing a significant role. While incorporating offers potential tax advantages and liability protection, it also entails additional administrative responsibilities and costs. By consulting with a knowledgeable tax accountant, you can assess your options effectively and make an informed decision that optimizes tax efficiency and supports your business objectives.

In the dynamic landscape of entrepreneurship, the guidance of a seasoned tax accountant is invaluable, providing insights and expertise to navigate the complexities of business taxation and structure effectively. Whether you're a budding entrepreneur or a seasoned business owner, investing in professional tax advice can lead to long-term success and financial prosperity.

Malhi Accounting Professional Corporation proudly provides tax and accounting services to businesses and individuals across Canada. Whether you require assistance with an audit or guidance in preparing for the tax season, Malhi Accounting offers reliable and transparent assistance every step of the way. A sincere desire to set clients up for success paired with over a decade of experience ensures progressive and reliable consulting services for individuals and businesses alike. To access the advice only a Chartered Professional Accountant can provide, contact Malhi Accounting today at or +1-416-407-5436, or visit



bottom of page